<rp id="4mpqv"></rp>
<th id="4mpqv"><track id="4mpqv"></track></th>
<button id="4mpqv"><object id="4mpqv"></object></button>

<tbody id="4mpqv"></tbody>
    <tbody id="4mpqv"></tbody>
    <rp id="4mpqv"></rp>
    <rp id="4mpqv"><object id="4mpqv"><input id="4mpqv"></input></object></rp>

    <s id="4mpqv"></s><li id="4mpqv"><object id="4mpqv"></object></li>

    新東方網>大學教育>考研>考研試題>歷年真題>外語>正文

    2020年考研英語一歷年真題閱讀部分:2008

    2019-07-22 17:30

    來源:新東方網整理

    作者:

      2008

      Text 1

      While still catching-up to men in some spheres of modern life, women appear to be way ahead in at least one undesirable category. “Women are particularly susceptible to developing depression and anxiety disorders in response to stress compared to men.” according to Dr. Yehuda, chief psychiatrist at New York’s Veteran’s Administration Hospital.

      Studies of both animals and humans have shown that sex hormones somehow affect the stress response, causing females under stress to produce more of the trigger chemicals than do males under the same conditions. In several of the studies, when stressed-out female rats had their ovaries (the female reproductive organs) removed, their chemical responses became equal to those of the males.

      Adding to a woman’s increased dose of stress chemicals, are her increased “opportunities” for stress. “It’s not necessarily that women don’t cope as well. It’s just that they have so much more to cope with.” says Dr. Yehuda. “Their capacity for tolerating stress may even be greater than men’s,” she observes, “it’s just that they’re dealing with so many more things that they become worn out from it more visibly and sooner.”

      Dr. Yehuda notes another difference between the sexes. “I think that the kinds of things that women are exposed to tend to be in a chronic or repeated nature. Men go to war and are exposed to combat stress. Men are exposed to more acts of random physical violence. The kinds of interpersonal violence that women are exposed to tend to be in domestic situations, by, unfortunately, parents or other family members, and they tend not to be one-shot deals. The wear-and-tear that comes from these longer relationships can be quite devastating.”

      Adeline Alvarez married at 18 and gave birth to a son, but was determined to finish college. “I struggled a lot to get the college degree. I was living in so much frustration that that was my escape, to go to school, and get ahead and do better.” Later, her marriage ended and she became a single mother. “It’s the hardest thing to take care of a teenager, have a job, pay the rent, pay the car payment, and pay the debt. I lived from paycheck to paycheck.”

      Not everyone experiences the kinds of severe chronic stresses Alvarez describes. But most women today are coping with a lot of obligations, with few breaks, and feeling the strain. Alvarez’s experience demonstrates the importance of finding ways to diffuse stress before it threatens your health and your ability to function.

      21. Which of the following is true according to the first two paragraphs?

      [A] Women are biologically more vulnerable to stress.

      [B] Women are still suffering much stress caused by men.

      [C] Women are more experienced than men in coping with stress.

      [D] Men and women show different inclinations when faced with stress.

      22. Dr. Ychuda’s research suggests that women___________.

      [A] need extra doses of chemicals to handle stress

      [B] have limited capacity for tolerating stress

      [C] are more capable of avoiding stress

      [D] are exposed to more stress

      23. According to Paragraph 4, the stress women confront tends to be__________.

      [A] domestic and temporary

      [B] irregular and violent

      [C] durable and frequent

      [D] trivial and random

      24. The sentence “I lived from paycheck to paycheck.” (Line 6, Para. 5) shows that_________.

      [A] Alvarez cared about nothing but making money

      [B] Alvarez’s salary barely covered her household expenses

      [C] Alvarez got paychecks from different jobs

      [D] Alvarez paid practically everything by check.

      25. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

      [A] Strain of Stress: No Way Out?

      [B] Response to Stress: Gender Difference.

      [C] Stress Analysis: What Chemicals Say?

      [D] Gender Inequality: Women Under Stress.

    官方微信:新東方考研?(微信號:kaoyanxdf

    考研熱門資訊、院校信息、新東方課程、名師輔導,請掃二維碼關注我們!?

    2019考研真題及答案解析下載

    手機號

    考研頭條

    • 備考干貨
    • 擇校選專業
    • 報考信息
    • 經驗心態

            新東方考研課程專區

            班級名稱 上課地點 上課時間 費用 查看詳情

            焦點推薦

            精品直播

            版權及免責聲明

            凡本網注明"稿件來源:新東方"的所有文字、圖片和音視頻稿件,版權均屬新東方教育科技集團(含本網和新東方網) 所有,任何媒體、網站或個人未經本網協議授權不得轉載、鏈接、轉貼或以其他任何方式復制、發表。已經本網協議授權的媒體、網站,在下載使用時必須注明"稿件來源:新東方",違者本網將依法追究法律責任。

            本網未注明"稿件來源:新東方"的文/圖等稿件均為轉載稿,本網轉載僅基于傳遞更多信息之目的,并不意味著贊同轉載稿的觀點或證實其內容的真實性。如其他媒體、網站或個人從本網下載使用,必須保留本網注明的"稿件來源",并自負版權等法律責任。如擅自篡改為"稿件來源:新東方",本網將依法追究法律責任。

            如本網轉載稿涉及版權等問題,請作者見稿后在兩周內速來電與新東方網聯系,電話:010-60908555。

            猜你喜歡

            四六級英語拓展

            狠狠婷婷香蕉五月综合